Oct 2, 2022 | Location West Covina

**Lower Elementary:**

Question: A whale shark weighs 20 tons. A car weighs 2 tons. How many cars weigh the same as a whale shark?

Answer: 10 cars

Solution: We can solve this problem by counting by 2s: 2 tons, 4 tons, 6 tons ... we'll find that we need to count 2 tons, 10 times to reach 20 tons. Another way to solve this is to divide 20 tons by 2 tons to find how many times 2 goes into 20: 20 ÷ 2 = 10.

**Upper Elementary:**

Question: A baby green sea turtle weighs 4 ounces. A fully grown green sea turtle weighs 350 pounds. How many times heavier is the fully grown green sea turtle than the baby green sea turtle?

Answer: An adult green sea turtle is 1,400 times heavier than a baby.

Solution: A pound is 16 ounces, so 16 ÷ 4 = 4 baby sea turtles weigh a pound. Since 4 babies weigh the same as each pound of fully grown turtle, that means that the whole fully grown turtle weighs as much as 350 × 4 = 1,400 baby turtles. It’s 1,400 times heavier.

**Middle School:**

Question: A blue coral and a black coral are the same size. The blue coral grows at a rate of 3 millimeters per year. The black coral grows 8 centimeters per year. How much bigger will the black coral be than the blue coral in 100 years?

Answer: 770 centimeters

Solution: In 100 years, the blue coral grows 3 mm x 100 = 300 mm, which is equal to 30 centimeters. The black coral grows 8 cm x 100 = 800 cm. The black coral will therefore be 800 - 30 = 770 centimeters bigger than the blue coral.

**Algebra and Up:**

Question: Flying fish can jump out of the water and "fly" through the air to avoid predators. A flying fish's distance from the water's surface in decimeters can be calculated with the function f(t) = –5t^2 + 15t, in which t is the number of seconds the fish is out of the water. How high above the water is the fish after 1½ seconds?

Answer: 11¼ decimeters

Solution: To solve the problem, we evaluate –5t2 + 15t when t = 1½. We get –5(1½)2 + 15(1½), which is equal to –11¼ + 22½ = 11¼ decimeters.