Mathnasium #MathTricks: Number Sense (Squaring Numbers Part 2)

Oct 12, 2022

 

Welcome to Mathnasium’s Math Tricks, series. Today we are using number sense to square any number.

In an earlier Mathnasium Math Trick we looked at the patterns when squaring numbers ending in 0 or 5. For example, to find 452 we increase the digits in front of the 5 by 1 and multiply the answer by the original digits in front of the 5, (i.e., 5 x 4 = 20). We then write this number with 25 at the end to get a final answer of

452 = 2025.
 

But did you know you can use similar steps to find the square of ANY number, using mental math?

To square any number:
1. Subtract the last digit of the number being squared.
2. Add the last digit to the number being squared.
3. Multiply the numbers from Step 1 and Step 2.
4. Square the last digit of the number being squared and add it to the answer from Step 3.

Follow the example below to find the square of the number.

Example: Find 2132.

Step 1: Subtract the last digit from the number being squared.

213 - 3 = 210
 

Step 2: Add the last digit to the number being squared.

213 + 3 = 216
 

Step 3: Multiply the numbers from Step 1 and Step 2.

210 x 216 = 45 360
 

Step 4: Square the last digit of the number being squared and add it to the answer from Step 3.

Since 32 = 9, we add 45 360 + 9 = 45 369
 

Answer: 213 squared is equal to 45 369.

Now, with this strategy, you are ready to find the square of any number using mental math. Click here for more practice problems, then check your answers here.

If you missed this, or any of our other Math Tricks videos, check them out on our YouTube channel!

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