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Question: Avery is making a fall scene collage out of paper shapes in art class. She cuts a piece of construction paper that is 10 inches long and 10 inches wide into 1–inch squares. Next, she cuts each square in half to make paper triangles. How many paper triangles does Avery have?
Answer: 200 paper triangles
Solution: If Avery cuts the paper into 1-inch strips, she will have 10 strips of paper. If she cuts each strip into 1-inch squares, she will have 10 for each strip. That means that she will have 10 × 10 = 100 squares. If she then cuts each square in half to make 2 triangles, she will have 100 × 2 = 200 paper triangles.
Question: Twenty-four students split up into groups for music class. A third of the students are in the percussion group. Half of the students are in the choir group. The rest of the students are in the guitar group. How many students are there in the guitar group?
Answer: 4 students
Solution: One third of 24 is 24 ÷ 3 = 8 students, so there are 8 students in the percussion group. Half of 24 is 12, so there are 12 students in the choir group. That leaves 24 – 8 – 12 = 4 students in the guitar group.
Question: Paulina needs a new uniform for gym class. She buys a tee shirt that costs $12.50, a pair of shorts that cost $20.00, and a pair of sneakers that cost $31.40. A 10% sales tax is applied to her purchase. How much money does Paulina spend on her new gym uniform?
Solution: Before tax, the gym uniform costs $12.50 + $20.00 + 31.40 = $63.90. To find the cost after tax, we multiply by 1.1; 1 for the price of the items, and an additional 0.1 for the tax. After tax, the uniform costs $63.90 × 1.1 = $70.29.
Question: There are 125% as many students in sculpture class as there are in drawing class. If there are 15 more students in sculpture class than there are in drawing class, then how many students are in drawing class?
Answer: 60 students
Solution: We can solve this problem with a system of equations in which x represents the number of students in sculpture class and y represents the number of students in drawing class.
x = 1.25y
x = y + 15
We can solve this by reasoning that since x = x, that means that 1.25y = y + 15. If we solve for y, we find that y = 60. There are 60 students in drawing class.