Welcome to Mathnasium’s Maths Tricks series. Today we are comparing fractions that have the same numerators but have different denominators (the total number of equal parts in the whole).
When we compare fractions with the same numerators, we compare the same number of parts; however, the wholes may be divided into a different number of parts. The trick is to compare the denominators.
Recall that, for each whole of the same size:
As the number of equal parts increases, the size of each part becomes smaller.
As the number of equal parts decreases, the size of each part grows bigger.
Follow the example below to identify the fraction with the biggest value.
Example: You love chocolate bars! Would you rather have one piece of a chocolate bar cut into three equal pieces? Or one piece of the same-size candy bar cut into eight equal pieces?
Step 1: Identify what you are looking for.
You love chocolate bars and so you want the biggest piece.
Step 2: Identify the number of pieces you are comparing.
You are comparing one piece from each chocolate bar.
Step 3: Compare the denominators (the number of pieces each chocolate bar has been cut into).
Thirds are bigger than eighths.
Answer: One piece of a chocolate bar cut into three equal pieces, since one third 13 is bigger than one eighth.
Now, with this strategy, you are ready to compare fractions with the same numerators. Click here for more practice problems, then check your answers here.
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